Every year in autumn we prepare a sunny spot in our veggie beds for growing garlic.
We’ve found the growing process rewarding with the flavoursome fresh cloves used enthusiastically in every meal.
You can buy garlic for planting online, at a nursery or from a local grower at the markets. Standard, imported garlic from your supermarket won’t grow or taste quite as good.
Depending on where you live, you may still have time to get some in the ground so here are a few quick tips to get you started.
Varieties and climate
Ideally you’ll want to do some research into what type of garlic is most suitable for your region. Cool inland versus warm coastal? Frost or no frost? North or south?
Generally softneck varieties are better for warmer, humid climates and hardneck for cooler climates.
Ask your grower at your local markets where their garlic is from, when they planted and harvested it – that’s your key to local growing success. If you find they are grown locally, buy a bulb from them, split it up into the cloves and plant those.
You can also find some quality seed garlic and information on climates and growing from online suppliers such as Diggers.
Where to plant
Approaching winter, full sun is ideal for most edibles and this includes garlic. Pots or raised beds are best for planting your cloves as they generally offer better drainage – garlic bulbs don’t like to be waterlogged.
Move your pots into sunnier positions where possible, too. Mounded garden beds with a good soil structure will also provide adequate drainage.
Plant your garlic at the back of the garden bed as it’ll be in there for about eight months so you won’t need regular access to it unlike your herbs and leafy greens.
How and when to plant
We planted our garlic in April and harvested in early November last year, and got a great harvest of 20 or so decent sized bulbs so we’ve repeated that timing again this year. Plant your cloves pointy end up, thumb deep, approximately 10 centimetres apart.
Again, climate and variety will determine your best planting times for a successful garlic harvest. Once you find a good cultivar and get the timing right, you’ll be hooked on growing your own, just like we are.
Garlic takes up to eight months until harvest. The bulb develops as the day length increases in spring.
With hardneck varieties, you can cut off the curly flower stalk that develops (called the garlic “scape”), which will encourage larger bulb growth. The scape can also be cooked with a little olive oil, salt and pepper and you can’t go wrong.
You can scrape back the soil and check to see if the bulb has developed with the cloves segments visible. Half a dozen green leaves remaining will also indicate it’s harvest time.
When your garlic leaves start to brown off, the bulb is finished growing and is ready to be plucked from the soil and hung or placed on drying racks in a shady garden shed. Good airflow will reduce fungal problems while you leave them to dry for around four weeks